Incorrect toothbrushing

This may appear a misnomer as everyone knows how to brush their teeth but there is a right and wrong way of doing so. Using excessive force when brushing your teeth can damage the outer layer (enamel) which the exposes the dentin.

This then leads to sensitive teeth.

Plus vigorous brushing of the teeth especially near the edge of the gums causes the same problem. It causes the gums to recede which reveal the dentin - which also results in sensitive teeth.

Very often it is the way you use a toothbrush which is at fault. The correct way of using a brush is up and down not side to side as this prevents damage to the gum line. So it is a good idea to review your toothbrushing technique on occasions.

Basically, if you use a hard toothbrush, apply excessive force or brush too often then this will cause you to have sensitive teeth. Avoid a toothbrush with hard, stiff bristles and choose a medium instead.

Electric toothbrush

These are a popular alternative to the traditional manual toothbrush which you have to manipulate around your teeth. The benefits of an electric toothbrush include being easier to use as well as reaching those parts of your mouth which cannot be reached by a manual toothbrush.

Many people consider them to be more effective at cleaning their teeth than the traditional toothbrush.

There are electric toothbrushes specially designed for sensitive teeth so consider changing to this type of toothbrush.

But, they can cause sensitive teeth especially if you have never used this type of toothbrush before. They put more pressure on your teeth and this combined with the vibration can cause discomfort.

If you are already experiencing pain when consuming hot/cold food then you probably have sensitive teeth so it may be better to avoid this type of brush. Use a soft bristled manual toothbrush or ask your dentist for advice. He/she will be able to recommend a suitable toothbrush manual or electric.